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Accordina

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 412.132

    
 

Accordion

The accordion is an instrument with bellows and metal reeds. The player opens and closes the bellows, which pushes air through the reeds when a note is opened by pressing a button or key.

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 412.132

 
 

Accordola

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 412.132

    
 

Acoustic bass guitar

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 321.322

 
 

Acoustic guitar

The guitar is the nost popular and successful instrument in the world. It typically has 6 strings, unless one of them is broken, although 12 string suitar have 12 strings. It can be played by plucking or strummng the strings. The guitar has its origins over 3,000 years ag0o, though the modern instrument is descended from the medieval lute.

The strings can be steel or nylon (in a classical guitar).

The standard tuning is EADGBE.

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 321.322

 
 

Aeolian harp

An Aeolian harp (æolian harp or wind harp) is a musical instrument that is played by the wind. It is named after Aeolus, the ancient Greek god of the wind. The traditional Aeolian harp is essentially a wooden box including a sounding board, with strings stretched lengthwise across two bridges. It is placed in a slightly opened window where the wind can blow across the strings to produce sounds. The strings can be made of different materials (or thicknesses) and all be tuned to the same pitch, or identical strings can be tuned to different pitches. Besides being the only strung instrument played solely by the wind, the Aeolian harp is the only stringed instrument that plays solely harmonic frequencies.

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 314.122

 
 

Aeolsklavier

The aeolsklavier (æolsklavier) is an unsuccessful keyboard wind instrument containing wooden reeds and invented in 1825 by Schortmann of Buttelstädt. The sound was produced by a jet of air which put in motion a set of vibrating blades of very thin wood. It was equipped with a keyboard and with a pedal which triggered a set of bellows (one for each note) and produced a soft and ethereal sound.

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 141

    
 

Agidigbo

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 122.1

    
 

Agung / Agong

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 111.241

    
 

Agung a tamlang

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 111.231

   
 

Ajaeng

Half-tube zither with seven silk strings, played with a piece of forsythia wood.

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 312.22

Country: Korea

 
 

Alimba

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 111.231

    
 

AlphaSphere

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 5

 
 

Alphorn

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 423.121.22

    
 

Alto clarinet

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 422.211.2

    
 

Alto horn

Same as a tenor horn.

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 423.232

    
 

Alto sarrusophone

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 422.112

    
 

Alto saxophone

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 422.212

    
 

Angélique

Pear-shaped, plucked, with 15-17 strings.

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 321.321

Country: France

    
 

Appalachian dulcimer

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 314.122-5

 
 

Archlute

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 321.321

 
 

Arpeggione

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 321.322-71

 
 

Array mbira

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 122.1

    
 

Audiocubes

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 5

  
 

Autoharp

Hornbostel-Sachs classification: 314.122-5

  

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